Migraine headache can be a complicated event, with symptoms that change over hours or even days. Experts still aren\’t sure what causes these headaches. But they seem to involve a wave of unusual activity in brain nerve cells, along with changes in blood flow in the brain. About 1 out of 8 Americans have migraines affecting more women than men. Migraine headaches tend to first appear between the ages of 10 and 45. After puberty, migraines are more likely to affect girls and women.
Migraine symptoms include a pounding headache, nausea and vomiting, light and sound sensitivity. There is no specific cure for migraine headaches. The goal is to treat your migraine symptoms right away, and to prevent symptoms by avoiding or changing your triggers. It is often helpful to keep a headache diary can help you identify your headache triggers.
Treatment for Migraine Headaches can include anti-nausea drugs and abortive or preventive medications, headache remedies including pain relievers. Specific medications found to be helpful in the treatment of Migraine headaches are antidepressants (amitriptyline or venlafaxine), blood pressure medicines such as beta blockers (propanolol, metroprolol) or calcium channel blockers (verapamil) and seizure medicines such as valproic acid, gabapentin, and topiramate. Other very effective classes of medications are triptans, ergots and Ispmetheptene.
If you have frequent migraines, your doctor may prescribe medication to reduce the number of attacks. You need to take the medicine every day for it to be effective. Botulinum toxin type A (Botox®) injections may also help reduce migraine attacks if they occur more than 15 days per month each lasting 4 or more hours a day. Severe headaches should always be evaluated to rule out more serious medical problems.’